In the massive criminal tax case against seventeen former partners and employees of KPMG, KPMG declined, under severe pressure from the government, to pay the attorneys' fees of the defendants. The District Court permitted the defendants to add KPMG as a defendant, and assert a claim against it for fees. The Court recently denied KPMG's motion for summary judgment, and set the claims seeking the advancement of fees for trial on an expedited basis. , Case No. 05-crim-0888 and 06-civ-5007 (USDC S.D. N.Y. Sept. 6, 2006). The Court rejected KPMG’s contention that the fee issue was subject to arbitration under the partnership agreement, in part because not all of the defendants had been partners, but also on public policy grounds, due to the severe disruption that such a course would necessarily have had on the pending criminal case. This opinion may become of interest to reinsurers to the extent that there are criminal charges filed relating to finite reinsurance matters.
Arbitration Process Issues
The Connecticut Supreme Court, following one of its own 1999 decisions, has held that an arbitration panel is not required to give preclusive collateral estoppel effect to a prior arbitration award, even where the prior award involved the interpretation of the same provision of a contract between the same parties. LaSalla v. Doctor's Associates, Inc., SC 17483 (Conn. June 13, 2006). The Court held that the desire to maintain the flexibility of the arbitral process was more important than the desire to promote the stability and finality of judgments in this context, noting in dicta that a specific provision in the contract to the contrary might have led to a different result.
Courts are sometimes asked to consolidate mutliple arbitrations relating to insurance and reinsurance matters. This issue has been the topic of three recent court opinions.
- In , Case No. 05-5522 (Aug. 10, 2006), the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey found that since the issue of the type of arbitration proceeding, including whether multiple arbitrations should be consolidated, was not a “gateway” issue under the Supreme Court’s analysis in Green Tree Financial Corp. v. Bazzle, 539, U.S. 444 (2003), the arbitrators, rather than the courts, should decide whether to use multiple arbitration panels or a consolidated panel.
- In , Case No. 06-4419 (Aug. 8, 2006), the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York held that arbitrators should decide whether to consolidate two arbitrations related to two facultative reinsurance certificates. The Court strongly implied that if the reinsurance agreements contained a provision relating to consolidated arbitrations, that the Court could have acted to enforce whatever the parties had agreed to in that regard.
- In Certain Underwriters at Lloyd’s v. Westchester Fire Ins., Case No. 06-1457, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit currently is accepting briefing of an appeal of a decision of a in multiple arbitrations. The briefs suggest that conflict exists on this issue between a pre-Bazzle unreported Third Circuit opinion and a post-Bazzle Seventh Circuit opinion.
Expect further developments in this area.
An arbitration provision required that both parties appoint an arbitrator within 30 days of receipt of written notice from the other party requesting that it do so. Lloyd's appointed an arbitrator timely. The 30th day after receiving such notification for Argonaut fell on the Sunday before Labor Day, and when the appointment was not made by the end of Sunday, Lloyd's appointed a second arbitrtator on Labor Day. Argonaut appointed an arbitrator the following day, claiming that the time for its appointment was extended since its deadline fell on a Sunday, followed by a holiday. The Court disagreed, holding that the agreement to appoint within 30 days was binding, and upheld Lloyd's appointment of two arbitrators. Certain Underwriters at Lloyd's v. Argonaut Insurance. Co., Case No. 04-5852 (N.D. Ill. Aug. 8, 2006).
In an unreported opinion, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the action of a District Court that declined to become involved in how an arbitration would be conducted, including whether consolidating multiple arbitrations was appropriate. The Court followed Supreme Court precedent in holding that the courts should only decide “gateway issues” such as whether there was a valid agreement to arbitrate, leaving issues relating to arbitration procedure to the arbitrators. Certain Underwriters at Lloyds v. Cravens Dargan & Co., 2006 WL 2337959, Case No. 05-56154 (9th Cir. Aug. 14, 2006).